BOLT English Co-reference -- Discussion Forum, SMS/Chat, and Conversational Telephone Speech
|Item Name:||BOLT English Co-reference -- Discussion Forum, SMS/Chat, and Conversational Telephone Speech|
|Author(s):||Nitin Agarwal, Michelle Franchini, Michelle Kappler, Linnea Micciulla, Sameer Pradhan, Lance Ramshaw|
|LDC Catalog No.:||LDC2020T20|
|Release Date:||December 15, 2020|
|Data Source(s):||discussion forum, telephone conversations, text chat conversations|
LDC User Agreement for Non-Members
|Online Documentation:||LDC2020T20 Documents|
|Licensing Instructions:||Subscription & Standard Members, and Non-Members|
|Citation:||Agarwal, Nitin, et al. BOLT English Co-reference -- Discussion Forum, SMS/Chat, and Conversational Telephone Speech LDC2020T20. Web Download. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, 2020.|
BOLT English Co-reference -- Discussion Forum, SMS/Chat, and Conversational Telephone Speech was developed by Raytheon BBN Technologies and consists of co-reference annotation on English discussion forum (DF), SMS/Chat and conversational telephone speech (CTS).
The DARPA BOLT (Broad Operational Language Translation) program developed machine translation and information retrieval for less formal genres, focusing particularly on user-generated content. The Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC) supported the BOLT program by collecting informal data sources -- discussion forums, text messaging and chat -- in Chinese, Egyptian Arabic and English. The collected data was translated and annotated for various tasks including word alignment, treebanking, propbanking and co-reference.
DF data was collected from the web using a combination of manual and automatic processes. SMS/Chat material was donated or collected via live platforms. CTS data was taken from LDC's Arabic and Chinese CALLHOME and CALLFRIEND telephone collections; the audio files were transcribed and translated into English.
Co-reference annotation aims to fill in all of the connections between specific mentions in the text that refer to the same entities and events in the discourse context. BOLT co-reference annotation was performed on BOLT treebank annotation. It covers noun phrases (including proper nouns, nominals, pronouns and null arguments), possessives, proper noun pre-modifiers and verbs.
Annotation files are presented in UTF-8 encoded XML format.
This material is based upon work supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) under Contract No. HR0011-11-C-0145. The content does not necessarily reflect the position or the policy of the Government, and no official endorsement should be inferred.
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